Enhancing the Effectiveness of E-learning for Grade IX Students through Synchronous and Asynchronous Methods


  • Tsheten Tshering
  • Sobit Pradhan


E-learning, Asynchronous, Synchronous, Google Meet, Google Classroom


The purpose of this action research was to examine the effectiveness of E-learning for grade IX students by using Google Meet and Google Classroom as synchronous and asynchronous mode respectively. A convenience sampling was used to select 100 students (43 male and 57 female). The lesson was taught using a combination of Google Meet and Google Classroom app followed by online test using Google Form. Using the explanatory sequential mixed method approach, the baseline and post-intervention data were used to analyze the relationship between students’ perception towards E-learning, accessibility of technology and skill in technology. The findings of the study showed that 71.4% of students received limited access to Internet through their mobile data. Both quantitative and qualitative data showed that students’ attitude towards BBS E-learning were mostly negative. Students had moderately positive attitude towards Google Classroom for accessibility of learning material and for submitting assignments. They also had a positive attitude towards Google Meet for learning purpose due to its good functionality of virtual interaction through video conferencing. The study provides some recommendations for promotion of E-learning in Bhutan.